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Early 20th cent. : Bandar Tumpat
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Wednesday, 1-Jul-2009 17:00
KELATÉ & PRE-WAR SHOPHOUSES : Hunting For The Remnants ...


Hunting For The Remnants ...

A shophouse is a vernacular architectural building type that is both native and unique to
urban Southeast Asia. This hybrid building form characterises the historical centres of
most towns and cities in the region.

From Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shophouse(Shophouse)


I dedicate this entry ....

no, not to ' Gemuloh ' Michael Jackson or Farrah Fawcett

but to the remaining pre-war shophouses of Kelantan, especially to the wooden ones

for the the worries and concern that I have for their uncertain future

on the rapidly developing and changing landscape

of this unique Malay State of the East Coast ~



* Rows of wooden shophouses in 1905 Kota Bharu.

Reliable sources indicate that this shot was taken somewhere around present day
Jalan Tengku Petra Semerak, close to Jalan Tok Hakim and Jalan Che Su in Kota Bharu.

*Image from http://www.sabrizain.org/malaya/library/kelantan.pdf(W.A. Graham's Kelantan A State of The Malay Peninsular ( 1908 ))


* The town of Tumpat in 1936.

Tumpat was a small but important port town, located close to the mouth of Kelantan
River and the South China Sea - closer to the latter.

During the years of British endeavour in Kelantan, the port served as a stopover for mail
steamers travelling between Bangkok and Singapore and also as a transit port where
iron-manganese ores from Temangan was shipped from.

Realising its strategic, administrative as well as economic properties, the British
decided to stretch the railway line from Gemas, in Negeri Sembilan, all the way up to
Tumpat ( instead of Kota Bharu ! ), into what it is now known as the East Coast Line.
The Tumpat Train Terminal was and still is the ultimate, last stop for the KTMB
service travelling the East Coast.

Today, there are no more mail steamers nor ores from Temangan and the railway
service is no more popular like it used to be. Tumpat at present, is a sleepy town,
seemingly trapped in time along with signs of its glorious past ....

* Image courtesy of now dormant ( dead ? ) http://northernmalaya.blogspot.com(Northern Malaya)'s blog

* Iron Mining in Kelantan : http://raykinzoku.fotopages.com/?entry=889737(Temangan, Machang) & http://raykinzoku.fotopages.com/?entry=825445(Jubakar, Tumpat)

* Shophouses of Jalan Temenggong of Kota Bharu, as taken in late 1970s.

Much of the buildings seen here at both sides of the roads were built between the early
( 1920s ) and mid 20th century.

Fortunately, most are still there today. Much like in the above shot.

* Image coutesy of A.Shukor Rahman's : ' http://www.nst.com.my/Current_News/NST/Sunday/Columns/2539934/Article/index_html(I REMEMBER WHEN... Going to Kelantan and stepping back in time) ', NST Online, 26 Apr 2009

* Rows of very old, wooden shophouses of Jalan Post Office Lama.

I would surely find them very enticing if only I could find out the exact year or period of
its construction. Judging from the design, style, material and its rustic appearance,
I have a very strong feeling that they might be built in the beginning of 20th century.

If it is so, than this is surely the rarest, perhaps the last specimen of what business
premises might look like in pre-colonial Kelantan.

* A wooden shophouse lot at Pasir Puteh town.

Pasir Puteh is a small town located some 50 km to the south of Kota Bharu, once made
famous by the Tok Janggut's 1915 uprising.

Like the one found at Jalan Post Office Lama in Kota Bharu, the exact year or period of
construction for this one is also unknown but judging from the appearance, material and
style of construction, it is also very likely from the early 20th century. Of course, looks
alone can be deceiving.

One thing for sure, I like the carved panels and the old style wooden windows.

* The corner of a pre-war shophouse in Tumpat.

The exact year or period of construction is unknown but by looking at the architectural
style, material used and not to forget, the above date-stamped 1936 postcard of
Tumpat, I could assure that it must be of pre-war construction.

Interesting enough, though vernacular in general appearance, the motives on the
' sesiku ' is, correct me if I am wrong, undeniably of Chinese origin.

* An old brick shophouse of Jalan Post Office Lama, Kota Bharu.

A Chinese shophouse built, as clearly stated, in 1913, but now purposely left deserted
for the swiftlet to roost i.e. for the booming, lucrative bird nest industry.

Jalan Post Office Lama and also few adjacent streets are some of the last places where
Kelantan pre-war era relics, artefacts and structures could still be found in Kota Bharu,
albeit fewer than before due to many factors primarily to the town's rapid development
( plus, the lack of spirit of heritage conservation ) ....

The rarest are stuffs from the late 19th and early 20th century.
Many had been lost to time and elements, antique cum souvenir-hunter, fire and modern
day development, leaving only those that resisted the test of time and change, especially
structures like this brick shop house. There is a row of them to be exact, now facing the
newly built, modern high rise cum apartment/shops by the Kelantan River - where its
counterparts used to stand ...

Thanks to the bird-nest industry, or else even this one would kiss the ground too ..

( How ironic ... )

* Further reading : http://raykinzoku.fotopages.com/?entry=1025393(The Jalan Post Office Lama)

* Jalan Hilir Pasar, Kota Bharu ( 1927 ).

* Jalan Hulu Pasar, Kota Bharu ( 1927 ).

* Jalan Hulu Pasar, Kota Bharu ( 1928 ).

* Jalan Temenggong, Kota Bharu ( 1940 ).


14 FEB 2006 : http://raykinzoku.fotopages.com/?entry=706026(Antara Dua Darjat)

21 SEP 2005 : http://raykinzoku.fotopages.com/?entry=566454(A Tribute to Kota Bharu Old Quarters ~)


A+ kepada Melaka Kota Warisan Dunia!

Oleh Zaini Hassan

Kita syorkan para pentadbir negeri, perancang bandar yang terlalu kerap ke luar negara
untuk melihat negara orang, melakukan lawatan sambil belajar ke Melaka. Contohilah
pengurusan taman dan sampahnya yang dilihat terlalu tersusun. Perancangan
infrastruktur pelancongannya yang begitu sistematik.

Jika Melaka boleh mengapa Kuala Lumpur tidak boleh? Mengapa Sungai Klang
dibiarkan lesu dan kotor sedangkan ia boleh dijadikan laluan river cruise dari KL ke
bandar diraja Klang; sama seperti yang berlaku di Sungai Melaka? Mengapa Padang
Kota Lama di Pulau Pinang terlalu membosankan - dengan gerai mee sotong di tepinya
masih daif sama seperti puluhan tahun lalu? Mengapa Pasar Siti Khatijah di Kota Bharu
yang diberi nama Bandar Raya Islam terlalu kotor dengan tikus-tikus mondok yang

' http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2009&dt=0701&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Dalam_Negeri&pg=dn_11.htm(A+ kepada Melaka Kota Warisan Dunia!) ' - Utusan Online, Dalam Negeri, 1 Julai 2009

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